[ PDF ] of the Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita, 2023 | FindYourAdvofate



[ PDF ] of the Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita, 2023  | FindYourAdvofate

 The Indian Judicial Code Bill 2023 is a judicial code that was ratified by the Indian Lok Sabha on 8 August 2023 and the Indian Rajya Sabha on 13 August 2023. This judicial code will be the 16th judicial code of India. This judicial code will replace the Indian Judicial Code, 1860 and the Indian Judicial Code, 1973.
The Indian Judicial Code Bill 2023 is such a judicial code that tries to make India's judicial system against the 21st century. This judicial code is set to make India's judicial system more just, more relevant and more socially just.

Central government to introduce new penal, criminal, and evidence codes The central government is set to introduce three new bills to replace the Indian Penal Code (IPC), the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC), and the Indian Evidence Act. The new bills, which are expected to be introduced in Parliament soon, have been framed after extensive consultation with various stakeholders. The new IPC, called the Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita, 2023, repeals 22 provisions of the existing IPC, proposes changes to 175 existing provisions, and introduces 9 new sections. The new CrPC, called the Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita, 2023, repeals 9 provisions of the existing CrPC, proposes changes to 107 provisions thereof, and introduces 9 new provisions. The new Evidence Act, called the Bharatiya Sakshya Bill, 2023, repeals 5 existing provisions of the Evidence Act, proposes changes to 23 provisions, and introduces one new provision. 

The new bills aim to make the Indian criminal justice system more efficient, effective, and responsive to the needs of the 21st century. They also aim to address some of the shortcomings of the existing laws, such as the lack of clarity in some provisions and the outdated nature of others. One of the key changes in the new IPC is the introduction of a new section on organised crime. The new section defines organised crime as "the unlawful activity of a group of persons who, with the intention of gaining pecuniary benefits or of gaining power, habitually commit serious offences in furtherance of such objective." The section also lists a number of activities that would constitute organised crime, such as extortion, smuggling, and money laundering. Another key change in the new IPC is the introduction of a new section on terrorist acts. The new section defines a terrorist act as "any act that is intended to cause, or that is likely to cause, death or serious injury to any person, or destruction of, or damage to, any property, or disruption of any essential service, with the intention of endangering the life or safety of any person, or intimidating the public or a section of the public, or coercing the Government of India or any State Government or any public authority to do or abstain from doing any act." 

The section also lists a number of activities that would constitute terrorist acts, such as waging war against the Government of India, abetting a terrorist act, and harbouring a terrorist. The new CrPC also makes a number of significant changes. One of the key changes is the introduction of a new provision that allows for the appointment of special public prosecutors to investigate and prosecute cases of organised crime and terrorist acts. The section also lists a number of other changes, such as the introduction of a new provision that allows for the video recording of interrogations, and the amendment of the bail provisions to make it more difficult for accused persons to get bail in certain cases. 

The new Evidence Act also makes a number of changes. One of the key changes is the introduction of a new provision that allows for the admission of electronic evidence, such as emails, SMSes, and social media posts, in court. The section also lists a number of other changes, such as the amendment of the hearsay rule to make it easier for certain types of hearsay evidence to be admitted in court. The introduction of the new bills is a significant step towards modernizing the Indian criminal justice system. The bills are expected to make the system more efficient, effective, and responsive to the needs of the 21st century. They are also expected to address some of the shortcomings of the existing laws.


PDF OF THE BHARATIYA NYAYA SANHITA, 2023 BILL  


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